Technological Change and Employment Opportunities

Technology is the collective term for a variety of processes, skills, and ways of achieving goals, including scientific research, computer technology, electrical engineering, information technology, and manufacturing. Some sectors of technology include transportation, communications, power generation, medicine, industrial, and entertainment. One of the fastest growing sectors of technology is information technology. The reason for this is that information technology helps us interact with the world around us, as well as help companies, governments, education and business organizations produce, manage, store, retrieve, distribute, and protect data.


The invention of the wheel driving device made possible the development of agriculture, which was able to yield an abundant harvest because of the effective use of irrigation systems. The development of the steam engine and the automobile changed the way we lived our lives by reducing the physical distances people travelled and improving their productivity and profitability. The discovery of the greenhouse gas causing global warming is arguably one of the most important developments in science and technology in recent history. This has led to the focus on technology-related issues, including energy efficiency, global warming and green house gases.

One area that is home to a plethora of technology is telecommunications. One example of a new and developing technology is GSM cell phone technology. GSM stands for Global System for Mobile Communication and is largely based on the GSM /GPRS system used by the United States military. GSM phones are equipped with the technology needed to send and receive calls, which is different from CDMA and TDMA cell phones that can only make or receive calls. As more people carry cell phones, the use of GSM is on the rise. There is also an increasing use of Wi-Fi, wireless internet access and other technology such as Bluetooth.

Society is also deeply affected by technology. For instance, the enormous effect technology has had on the auto industry and the way we travel has influenced the way we think about the world, the way we live, and the decisions we make. A major part of society has been affected by technology through the development and manufacture of cars, TV, laptops, computers and other technologies. Technology affects every aspect of life in almost every way imaginable.

Energy efficiency is another significant facet of technology. There have been many changes and improvements in energy efficiency in various industries over the past few decades. Some of these changes include the adoption of new building methods in buildings, appliances, transportation. One example of an industry that has made great strides in energy efficiency is the medical industry, which has made great strides in reducing the amount of energy used in processes ranging from tissue culture to operating a heart pacemaker.

As society continues to embrace new technological advancements and implement those changes, there will be a continuing need for energy efficiency professionals. These professionals are responsible for helping businesses, governments and households to make the most of the technology available to them. In this rapidly changing world, a high level of technological competence is vital. By implementing energy saving practices in businesses and in homes, the use of technology will continue to grow and generate new job opportunities for energy efficiency professionals.