The Basic Concept of Physical Fitness
Fitness is an essential element of well-being. Simply defined, physical fitness is a condition of health and wellness and, more specifically, the capacity to do different parts of regular activities, tasks and sports. Proper fitness is normally achieved through appropriate nutrition, light-intensity physical activity, adequate rest and adequate restorative sleep. In fact, one of the most effective ways to maintain fitness level is through having an active life. This means that fitness activities should be done in moderation and to a certain extent.
One of the best methods of conditioning the body is by having regular physical activity. Aerobic exercise is one of the best options for conditioning the cardiovascular system. It helps improve the efficiency of the body in using oxygen, while strengthening and improving the endurance of the heart and lungs. Aerobic exercise makes use of the lungs and heart, requiring high levels of energy expenditure but with minimal effort. However, endurance exercises also make use of the heart and lungs; however, they are not as efficient since they need to work harder for the same amount of energy. For this reason, you need to have both high aerobic and anaerobic capacity so as to be fit and healthy.
To ensure that you develop good muscle strength, the body needs to undergo growth and repair. You can facilitate muscle development and repair by doing the right kind of workout routines. A lot of people think that working out just to tone muscle or build muscle mass is the main goal of workout. The truth is that building muscles requires strength training and endurance exercises to make the fibers strong and resilient so that they can last through your workout routine for the longest time possible.
There are several different types of exercises that you can do for your overall health and fitness. These different types include strength training, stretching and cardio workouts. Strength training involves exercises that build strength in your bones and joints. Stretching and cardio workouts can help you lose weight and maintain a healthy body weight.
Cardiovascular fitness involves the efficiency of your lungs and heart in absorbing, processing and delivering oxygen to your muscles. For this reason, cardiovascular fitness has been known to be important in maintaining the proper body composition. This means that if you lack the required muscular endurance, you will most likely suffer from poor body composition. On the other hand, if you have superior cardiovascular fitness, you will be at a greater advantage in achieving fitness goals like losing weight and developing a well-developed physique. For example, a low metabolic rate (the lowest resting metabolic rate among adults) coupled with high total body skeletal muscle mass contributes to poor fitness.
For your overall fitness needs, it is important to engage in regular physical fitness activities such as walking, jogging, aerobics classes, and swimming. If you do not have time to do these activities regularly, you should at least make it a part of your daily schedule. At the very least, you should try to engage in some form of exercise every day, such as walking your dog, walking the dog on a leash, or riding your bicycle every day. You can start small, such as jogging or brisk walking every morning before you go to work. Over time, your progress can lead you to trying out more difficult forms of exercise, such as swimming, cycling, or stair climbing.